The Ohio Department of Health’s 2018 Ohio Drug Overdose Data

General Findings Report is now available by pdf download or at on the ODH website.

Key findings from the Ohio Drug Overdose Data report include:

  • In 2018, 3,764 people died of unintentional drug overdoses, a decrease of 1,090 compared to 2017 and the lowest number of deaths since 2015.
  • Fentanyl was involved in nearly 73% of overdose deaths in 2018, often in combination with other drugs. That percentage was up from 71% in 2017, 58% in 2016, and nearly 38% in 2015.
  • In 2018, fentanyl was involved in nearly 80% of all heroin-related overdose deaths, 74% of all cocaine-related overdose deaths, and 67% of all psychostimulant/methamphetamine-related overdose deaths. Carfentanil was involved in 75 fentanyl-related overdose deaths in 2018 compared to 1,010 in 2017.
  • For the second year in a row, the population with the highest overall overdose death rate was among black non-Hispanic males (49.5 per 100,000 population) followed closely by white non-Hispanic males (48.1 per 100,000 population).
  • The age groups with the highest overdose death rates were 35-44-year-old white non-Hispanic males (110.4 per 100,000 population), followed by 55-64-year-old black non-Hispanic males (108.8 per 100,000 population).
  • The number of unintentional overdose deaths involving psychostimulants/methamphetamine increased 5% in 2018 while deaths involving all other drug categories declined.
  • The number of overdose deaths involving natural and semi-synthetic opioids (e.g., oxycodone and hydrocodone) declined 42% from 2017 to 2018.
  • Cocaine-related overdose deaths declined 29% from 2017 to 2018.
  • Heroin-related overdose deaths declined nearly 28% from 2017 to 2018.